In recent years a lots of ink has been spent debating the relationship between Islam and British identity. Much of it has implicitly reflected the ‘clash of civilisations’ thesis popularised by Samuel Huntingdon in his 1996 – ‘Islam’ and the ‘West’ are somehow incompatible. Stop for just a few moments and we realise how flawed such a perspective is. And yet it has gained political and cultural traction in the UK. Here is another, different take from two different videos – ‘Make me a Muslim’ charts working class British women and the Lauren Booth video tells of the conversion of an affluent professional woman, the sister in law of Tony Blair. Have a watch and see what you think. Don’t see either as the last word but use it to develop a broader and more nuanced view of one of the key issues of our age…
The Fear of Difference
The last ten days in the UK have been characterised by fear, pain, violence and unlikely snatches of hope following the brutal murder of the soldier Lee Rigby in Woolwich in south east London.
The tragic events have reminded us again in the most violent manner possible that not everybody is signed up to the liberal (and sometimes disengaged and distant) affirmation of multiculturalism. The super-diverse city can look very different, full of vibrant energy and creativity form the vantage point of relatively affluent city suburbs than it does in majority Muslim inner city communities scarred by unemployment and the fear of the far-right or on majority white and socially excluded estates where racists like the far-right British National Party and the English Defence League stalk the streets looking for people who might swallow the lie that ‘It’s all the fault of those Muslims.’ When life is hard many of us look for someone to blame, for a scapegoat onto whom we can pile our pain. For a small number alienated young British-Muslims [mostly men] the blame is piled on U.S and U.K foreign policy or on the excesses of a liberal materialist culture. For a small number of equally alienated young white men [again mostly men] groups like the BNP and more recently the EDL provide a convenient scapegoat – the British-Muslim community.
Mainstream political parties often don’t help matters. Knee jerk populist crack downs on free speech or on immigration or on Muslim community groups play to our basest instincts and to the stock readership of certain right wing national newspapers. Multiculturalism, the current UK Prime Minister David Cameron tells us ‘has failed because Muslim communities have not fully integrated into the UK.’ I wonder how much hands on experience of everyday diversity Mr Cameron got at Eton, or in his rural Oxfordshire constituency or how often he gets out of 10 Downing Street!
The urban studies writer Leonie Sandercock tells us that the ‘terrain of difference’ has become normative in the cities of Europe and the USA. She is right and as the theologian Andrew Davey reminds us such diversity is no longer confined to cosmopolitan cities like Birmingham, London, New York or Los Angeles.
Against such a backdrop how might people of faith respond? Given a faith that God created all people in the divine image – equal, one race, valuable one and all – a fundamental conviction of all of the world’s faiths is that racism is a sin. No messing, no weak excuses – a sin.
One possible response is found in food and flowers. Selfless giving like the Muslim communities who collected money to donate flowers to the bereaved family of Lee Rigby. Or hospitality like that shown by young Muslims in York who took tea and biscuits out to and EDL mob demonstrating outside their Mosque and ended up inviting the EDL into the Mosque grounds for a game of football!
The Bible tells us again and again to ‘love the stranger’, that when we welcome the stranger we may be ‘entertaining angels unawares’.
We cannot and must not run away from or spiritualise the fear of difference because it’s real. However might it be possible that when we struggle together over low pay or to improve our childrens’ playground (or when we give each other flowers or tea and football!) that our difference can begin to become a source of liberation.
Liberative difference does not meet the pain of Lee Rigby’s grieving family, or the anguish of Muslims in the UK who have been threatened or attacked since his murder in Woolwich but it just might offer us a way forward…..Not trendy pain-free suburban multiculturalism but hard edged liberative difference that build social justice for all and embodies God’s bias to the oppressed – wherever and whoever they may be.
Here’s hoping and praying!